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Unstable angina management

However, in our expert's opinion, fondaparinux should be given to a patient with unstable angina only after seeking advice from cardiology. Offer pain relief with glyceryl trinitrate as soon as possible. Add morphine early if glyceryl trinitrate is not effective Unstable angina and NSTEMI: early management. Clinical guideline [CG94] Published: 24 March 2010 Last updated: 01 November 2013 UNSTABLE ANGINA 273 Calcium channelblockers Calcium channel blockers represent a relatively new therapeutic approach to the treatment of unstable angina. Their place in the management is now becoming clearer. The addition of nifedipine to previous treatment with nitrate and beta-adrenoceptor blockers has been shownto reduce b

Unstable angina may require patients to take nothing orally if stress testing or an invasive procedure is anticipated. Otherwise, a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fat is recommended. Sodium.. Unstable angina is increasing unpredictable chest pain. It is less common than stable angina. Unstable angina pain doesn't follow a pattern, can happen without exertion, and doesn't go away by resting or taking medicine. Unstable angina is an emergency Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Unstable Angina/Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2011;57:e215-367). This pocket guideline is available on the Web sites of the American College of Cardiology (www.cardiosource.org) and the American Heart Association (my.americanheart.org)

The major drug class in the management of unstable angina includes nitrates, antihypertensive agents, antihyperlipidemic agents, and antiplatelet agents. Patients with oxygen saturation of less than 90% or at risk of developing hypoxemia should be treated with supplemental oxygen. The first drug of choice in ischemia is nitrates Unstable Angina/NSTEMI UA/NSTEMI guidelines make recommendations regarding the diagnosis and treatment of patients with known or suspected cardiovascular disease (CVD). Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the United States Unstable angina (UA) is defined as myocardial ischaemia at rest or on minimal exertion in the absence of acute cardiomyocyte injury/necrosis Unstable angina means that blockages in the arteries supplying your heart with blood and oxygen have reached a critical level. An attack of unstable angina is an emergency and you should seek. Unstable angina is a simple term used to describe a complex group of conditions with a heterogeneous pathogenesis and prognosis. In patients with cardiac disease, understanding pathogenetic mechanisms often influences decisions regarding prognosis and treatment. Potential causes for the development

(See Diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and Initial evaluation and management of suspected acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction, unstable angina) in the emergency department.) Once the diagnosis of either UA or an acute NSTEMI is made, the acute management of the patient involves the simultaneous achievement of several goals General principles of management of NSTEMI and unstable angina Management of NSTEMI and unstable angina has improved dramatically over the past three decades and continues to evolve. NSTEMI and unstable angina are treated with anti-ischemic (to alleviate ischemia) and anti-thrombotic (to counteract the thrombus) agents Unstable angina also is called preinfarction angina. Unstable angina occurs with an unpredictable degree of exertion or emotion and increases in occurrence, duration, and severity over time. Pain may not be relieved with nitroglycerin. 3

Unstable angina - Management recommendations BMJ Best

Unstable angina and NSTEMI: early management Guidance NIC

  1. Acute Management of Unstable Angina in Relation to Risk of MI or Death High Risk Intermediate Risk Low Risk Treatment setting ER 3 CCU ER 3 ICCU, CCU, or ward ER 3 Home ECG monitoring $48 h 24-48 h ER only IV Yes Yes No Analgesic IV narcotic Usually none unless recurrence None Antiischemic nitrate s.l. stat, IV s.l. stat, or prn oral or.
  2. Unstable angina can be defined by the development of chest pain at rest, usually with reversible S-T segment changes. It has been found in patients in whom angina developed at rest in the cardiac catheterization laboratory that a decrease in coronary sinus oxygen saturation preceded changes in left ventricular relaxation and contractility that preceded the development of chest pain and/or.
  3. Management of unstable angina 365 line, other metabolites, or increased oxygen demand) tend to be countered by mild vasoconstriction. l6 These responses serve to prevent overconstriction and act to prevent decreased subendocardial blood flow due to ex-.
  4. An early and accurate diagnosis of unstable angina is essential. The underlying pathology is usually an ulcerated plaque, with local platelet aggregation and thrombus, without complete vessel occlusion. ECG changes and a raised troponin level place patients in a high risk group. Management is influenced by the patient's risk profile
  5. Unstable angina and NSTEMI - The early management of unstable angina and non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence Clinical Guideline 94. London. March 2010. Antman EM, Cohen M, Bernink PJ, et al. (2000) The TIMI risk score for unstable angina/ non-ST elevation
  6. Management of Stable Angina and Unstable Angina/Non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction Graham S Hillis Graham S Hillis is Specialist Registrar in Cardiology at the Royal Infi rmary and Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK. He is currently undertaking a British Heart Foundation International Fellowship at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA.
Critical review of unstable angina and non-ST elevation

Unstable Angina Treatment & Management: Approach

  1. The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) have updated their 2007 joint guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI).(1) According to a press release issued by the two organisations the update aims to keep pace with . . . the steady stream of new data on which previous diagnosis and.
  2. Anderson JL, Adams CD, Antman EM, et al. Writing Committee to Revise the 2002 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Unstable Angina/Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
  3. Unstable angina or sometimes referred to as acute coronary syndrome causes unexpected chest pain, and usually occurs while resting. The most common cause is reduced blood flow to the heart muscle because the coronary arteries are narrowed by fatty buildups (atherosclerosis) which can rupture causing injury to the coronary blood vessel resulting in blood clotting which blocks the flow of blood.
  4. ACC/AHA 2002 guideline update for the management of patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart.
  5. Management of unstable angina and NSTEMI would be enhanced if the relative place of these investigations was better understood and an assessment of their cost effectiveness made. Risk assessment What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of the systematic use of risk scoring systems (in addition to clinical assessment) for ischaemic outcomes.
  6. 4 Braunwald E, Antman EM, Beasley JW, et al. ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on the Management of Patients with Unstable Angina)
  7. Unstable angina treatment guidelines: The following are the Unstable angina treatment guidelines. This guideline cover the early and longer-term management of acute coronary syndromes. These include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina. The purposes to.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2020;76:2252-2266. The following are key points to remember from this state-of-the-art review on the evaluation and management of patients with stable angina: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a chronic disease with a wide range of associated symptoms and clinical outcomes. Adverse events from CHD are reduced or avoided through. SL, transmucosal, and IV nitrates are used to manage acute angina attacks. 4 They are useful for treating stable angina, but may be less effective for Prinzmetal's angina. IV nitroglycerin is indicated for the immediate treatment of unstable angina, as well as for long-term therapeutic relief This NICE Pathway covers the early management of acute coronary syndromes. These include STEMI, NSTEMI and unstable angina. The guidance aims to improve survival and quality of life for people who have a heart attack or unstable angina. It does not cover management of spontaneous coronary artery dissection

Unstable angina is dangerous and a warning sign of a heart attack. If your angina is unstable, seek urgent medical care. Other types of angina include variant or Prinzmetal's angina — a rare type caused by a spasm in the coronary arteries — and microvascular angina, which can be a symptom of disease in the small coronary artery blood vessels الذبحة الصدرية غير المستقرة أو ذبحة لامستقرة أو ذبحة غير ثابتة (بالإنجليزية: Unstable angina)‏ هي نوع غير منتظم من الذبحة الصدرية، وتُصنف أيضًا كنوع من متلازمة الشريان التاجي الحادة (ACS).. وقد يكون من الصعب تمييز الذبحة.

Unstable angina (defined as attacks that are increasingly frequent and/or prolonged, that occur at rest, or are brought on by trivial provocation) is one of the commonest reasons for emergency admission to hospitals in the UK. Even with appropriate treatment, the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) or death may be as high as 10% in the first 6 weeks after its development.[1][1],[2][2] The. The first reported use of BBs to treat hypertension and angina was in the 1970s in the UK. 13,14 BBs are an effective therapy in the management of stable angina. 14-17 Many BB are available for clinical use. They have the common property of blocking beta-adrenergic receptors and selective and non-selective BB can be chosen for their different. #UnstableAngina#NSTEMIAngina#TreatmentOfUnstableAngina#ManagementOfUnstableAngina#TreatmentOfNSTEM

Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the culprit lesion for management of unstable angina pectoris in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol. 1986 Sep 1; 58 (6):460-464 Scirica BM, Moliterno DJ, Every NR, et al. Differences between men and women in the management of unstable angina pectoris (The GUARANTEE Registry). The GUARANTEE Investigators. Am J Cardiol. Management of stable angina. The medical management of angina has two purposes; to prevent future myocardial infarction and death with vasculoprotective medicines and to reduce symptoms of angina with anti-ischaemic medicines. Further risk stratification is required with exercise tolerance testing or similar to identify patients who require. Management of Acute Chest Pain of Suspected Cardiac Origin (Unstable Angina/ NSTEMI) in Cornwall Policy V7.0 Page 6 of 29 Chest pain with nausea, vomiting, marked sweating and/or breathlessness, or haemodynamic instability

Fig Management of chronic stable angina Management of chronic stable angina . Prevention of cardiovascular events. Low-dose aspirin reduces major cardiac events by up to 30% and should be prescribed to patients with coronary artery disease. 3 Clopidogrel is an alternative option for patients intolerant of aspirin Angina = chest pain or other equivalents (e.g. SOB) that occur due to myocardial ischemia. Considered unstable with 1 or more: Occurs for 1st time. Occurs at rest. Accelerating frequency or severity Unstable angina is chest discomfort or pain caused by an insufficient flow of blood and oxygen to the heart. It is part of the acute coronary syndromes and may lead up to a heart attack. This activity describes the evaluation and management of unstable angina and reviews the role of the interprofessional team in improving care for patients with. MEDICAL MANAGEMENT Blood thinners (antiplatelet drugs) are used to treat and prevent unstable angina. These medicines may be able to reduce the chance of a heart attack or the severity of a heart attack that occurs. During an unstable angina event: Patient is given heparin (or another blood thinner) and nitroglycerin (under the tongue or. disease ((IHD) heart attack or angina); the prevalence in women in these age groups is substantially lower at 9% and 20% respectively.3 Accurately distinguishing patients with stable angina from patients with unstable angina is problematic due to limitations in the way angina is coded in national data

Managing Your Unstable Angina - Symptoms & Treatment

However, there is controversy regarding the management of unstable angina and NSTEMI. Fowler and Conti coined the term unstable angina in 1971 for patients who did not meet the criteria for acute myocardial infarction or stable angina.1, 2 The term may be outdated now with the increased sensitivity of cardiac troponins Angina: management options overview. Patients can also experience unstable angina where there is a sudden deterioration in angina symptoms without any prognostic electrocardiogram changes or increases in cardiac enzymes that may indicate more severe myocardial damage. The pain during an attack of unstable angina is often more severe. What is unstable angina. Unstable angina also called acute coronary syndrome, is a medical emergency where your heart doesn't get enough blood flow and oxygen.Unstable angina causes unexpected chest pain, and usually occurs while resting. The most common cause of unstable angina is reduced blood flow to the heart muscle because the coronary arteries that are narrowed by fatty buildups.

Unstable Angina Diagnosis and Management - UKDiss

The diagnosis of angina is rarely definitive and the concept of probability or likelihood of disease is used. The management of angina requires, in addition to symptomatic relief, the amelioration of adverse events or complications and thus prognostic risk stratification is a central feature Braunwald E, Antman EM, Beasley JW, et al. ACC/AHA guideline update for the management of patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction—2002: summary article: report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2002;106:1893-1900. 3

Unstable Angina/NSTEMI - American College of Cardiolog

FOLLOW ON INSTAGRAM :- https://www.instagram.com/drgbhanuprakash/Pathology of Angina Pectoris : UnStable Angina - USMLE Step 1 coronary artery diseaseUnstabl.. Unstable angina is dangerous and requires emergency treatment. Prinzmetal's angina. This type of angina is caused by a sudden spasm in a coronary artery, which temporarily narrows the artery. This narrowing reduces blood flow to your heart, causing severe chest pain. Prinzmetal's angina most often occurs at rest, typically overnight Management of Unstable Angina NitrateNitrate ++ ββ-blocker-blocker ++ Aspirin (low dose) and/orAspirin (low dose) and/or Heparin orHeparin or Thrombolytic (stryptokinase)Thrombolytic (stryptokinase) to minimize risk of infarctionto minimize risk of infarction 25 BACK MAIN EXIT INDEX NEXT 25 Unstable angina. If you develop unstable angina, the chest pain may happen when you're resting. It may happen more often than with stable angina, be more severe and last for longer. It may not be eased by your usual angina medicines. You may have other symptoms too, such as: feeling sick or vomiting. sweating

The explanation should include: Factors that can provoke angina, such as exertion, emotional stress, exposure to cold, or eating a large meal. The long-term course of angina. Information on how angina is managed. Encourage the person to ask questions about their angina and its management During the past 15 years, we have learned an enormous amount about the pathogenesis and treatment of unstable angina. In most cases of unstable rest angina, the pathogenesis is a mural thrombus formation on a ruptured or eroded atherosclerotic plaque. However, any process that acutely changes the.. We sought to characterize current patterns of care for lipid testing and management in a sample of patients in the Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early Implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines Quality Improvement Initiative and to determine the most important predictors of lipid testing. Tracking stable angina can help you manage your symptoms more easily. Unstable angina is another form of angina. It occurs suddenly and gets worse over time. It may eventually lead to a heart attack

unstable angina (more serious) - attacks are more unpredictable (they may not have a trigger) and can continue despite resting; Some people develop unstable angina after having stable angina. Treatment for angina. You'll probably need to take several different medicines for the rest of your life Immediate Management •The history, physical examination, 12-lead ECG, and initial cardiac biomarker tests should be integrated •Assign patients with chest pain into 1 of 4 categori es -Noncardiac diagnosis -Chronic stable angina -Possible ACS -Definite ACS 6 COP YRIGH Medical management of unstable angina. Initial medical management of unstable angina includes: restriction activities, morphine for pain relief, oxygen supplementation if there is hypoxia, nitroglycerine for pain relief, prevention of silent ischemia, control of hypertension and relief of ventricular dysfunction Unstable angina describes a clinical syndrome bridging the gap between stable angina and acute myocardial infarction. By definition, patients with angina of new onset, of a crescendo pattern, and with angina at rest are included in this high-risk group. The underlying pathogenetic mechanisms are complex and include initial atherosclerotic plaque rupture, release of vasoactive substances, and. This clinical practice guideline was developed by a 19-member panel that included physicians, cardiovascular nurse specialists, a public health representative, & a consumer representative. Their recommendations outline a comprehensive care plan for patients with unstable angina, further refined by peer & pilot review. The guideline is written to be directly applicable to patient care & is.

This guideline partially replaces TA47 and TA80. This guideline is the basis of QS68. Introduction This guideline updates and replaces recommendations for the early management of unstable angina and NSTEMI from NICE technology appraisal guidance 47 and 80. Recommendation 1.3.6 has been replaced by recommendation 1.3.18 in MI - secondary prevention: Secondary prevention in primary and. Search strategy. Medline 1966 to 10/99 using the OVID interface. [{exp angina, unstable OR unstable angina.mp OR exp myocardial ischemia OR myocardial ischemia$.mp OR myocardial ischaemia.mp} AND ({exp heparin OR exp heparin, low-molecular-weight OR heparin$.mp OR LMWH$.mp} AND {exp platelet aggregation inhibitors OR exp platelet glycoprotein gpiib-iiia complex OR tirofiban$.mp})] AND. CNSCN Guidelines for the management of patients with NTEMI ACS including unstable angina and Non-Q wave MI - February 2016 . 4 . 2.0 ASSESSMENT AND DIAGNOSIS . The diagnosis is based on initial short-term ischaemic and bleeding risk stratification on

Unstable angina results from acute obstruction of a coronary artery without myocardial infarction. Symptoms include chest discomfort with or without dyspnea, nausea, and diaphoresis. Diagnosis is by ECG and the presence or absence of serologic markers. Treatment is with antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants, nitrates, statins, and beta-blockers This condition crosses the threshold in which a diagnosis of unstable angina pectoris or evolving myocardial infarction is given (Fox et al 5).... On the other hand, unstable angina pectoris is characterized by a suddenly deteriorating pre-existing angina pectoris or abrupt appearance of angina during rest or light work.... The term angina pectoris was introduced in 1772 by William Heberden to. This article will focus on the management of atrial fibrillation in the hemodynamically unstable patient. Hemodynamic instability, as defined by the American Heart Association, includes systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg, altered mental status, cardiac ischemia,.

Unstable angina - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment BMJ

Initial assessment of patients referred to a RACPC is to rule out high-risk or unstable features from the clinical history. These include resting chest pain, features consistent with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), or rapidly progressive symptoms. Such patients are managed according to the unstable angina/ACS section of the guideline 2012 ACCF/AHA focused update of the guideline for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (updating the 2007 guideline and replacing the 2011 focused update): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol

A total of 593 patients (248 with stable angina and 345 with unstable angina) admitted to our institution were studied. Renal failure was defined as serum creatinine of > or = 2.0 mg/dl Unstable angina and Non-ST segment elevation MI (Non-STEMI) are discussed and reviewed in detail including causes, diagnosis, management and treatment Defining angina. Angina is chest pain due to transient myocardial ischaemia, which usually occurs with physical activity or emotional stress, and is relieved by rest or sublingual nitroglycerin. 1,2 Angina is common, affecting 3.8% of people in New Zealand. 3 About half of patients with ischaemic heart disease initially present with symptoms consistent with a pattern of stable angina. STABLE & UNSTABLE ANGINA 9. VASOSPASTIC ANGINA 10. ANGINA • Chronic Stable Angina is characterized as a deep, poorly localized chest or arm discomfort that is reproducibly associated with physical exertion or emotional stress and is relieved promptly (i.e., <5 min) with rest and/or the use of sublingual nitroglycerin (NTG) Unstable angina. Angina pain usually occurs with physical activity and goes away after a few minutes of rest. It can also be relieved by angina medicine (nitrate spray or tablets). Unstable angina usually happens while resting, and can affect people in different ways and at different times

Unstable Angina: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatmen

Management of acute coronary syndrome is targeted against the effects of reduced blood flow to the afflicted area of the heart muscle, usually because of a blood clot in one of the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the myocardium.This is achieved with urgent hospitalization and medical therapy, including drugs that relieve chest pain and reduce the size of the. Simplified management pathway for patients with unstable angina or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction Applying this score to the results in the TACTICS-TIMI 18 study indicated that patients with a TIMI risk score of ≥3 benefited significantly from an early invasive strategy, whereas those with a score of ≤2 did not Angina is a pain or discomfort felt in your chest which usually caused by coronary heart disease. Find out what causes angina, the symptoms, and what treatments are available

What is unstable angina. Unstable angina also called acute coronary syndrome, is a medical emergency where your heart doesn't get enough blood flow and oxygen.Unstable angina causes unexpected chest pain, and usually occurs while resting. The most common cause of unstable angina is reduced blood flow to the heart muscle because the coronary arteries that are narrowed by fatty buildups. Stable angina vs. unstable angina is determined by the type of symptoms, including whether chest pain happens when at rest or during exertion. Symptoms of unstable angina, also called acute coronary syndrome, can indicate a heart attack and require emergency (911) treatment

Unstable angina should be regarded as a medical emergency because it is a sign that the blood supply to and the function of your heart is compromised, increasing your risk of having a heart attack. There are many different options for treatment for unstable angina but it can often be treated with medication and/or types of surgical interventions This NICE Pathway covers: assessing and diagnosing recent-onset chest pain of suspected cardiac origin in people with acute chest pain and a suspected acute coronary syndrome, and people with intermittent stable chest pain and suspected stable angina. early management of stable angina. Updates Definition of unstable angina pectoris (UA) Unstable angina pectoris is an acute coronary syndrome and is present if any of the following occurs: Angina at rest. New onset angina (last 2 months) of CSS class II to III (Table 2). Crescendo angina (angina that has worsened significantly in recent days or weeks). Table 2 Initial management in unstable angina should begin with aggressive medical therapy with nitrates, calcium antagonists, beta blockers, and aspirin. In patients who are refractory to aggressive medical management, early cardiac catheterization and coronary arteriography is in dicated. The literature appears to confirm that patients with unstable.

Unstable angina pectoris: pathogenesis and managemen

Acute management of unstable angina and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction 455 einstein. 2015;13(3):454-61 failure. However, the quantitative assessment using death/infarction risk scores is also a useful tool for the decision-making process.(2,3) Some scores have been developed from differen Symptoms. Ongoing Angina -type pain. Despite decreasing level of exertion. With increasing severity or frequency. Rest pain in the last week. Class 3 or 4 Chest Pain. Pain following Myocardial Infarction (over 24 hours) Varying patterns of radiating pain. History non-q wave Myocardial Infarction J: Those low-risk patients, mostly patients with unstable angina, should get a stress test after they're stabilized to risk stratify them further. So that's all for our episode! References. Braunwald E. Unstable angina, A classification. Circulation. 1989;80:410-414; Braunwald E. Unstable Angina: An Etiologic Approach to Management

Management of high risk unstable angina . Monitor in the Coronary Care Unit and consider early invasive strategy. Risk stratification of unstable angina by ECG. The risk of death or myocardial infarction at 30 days strongly related to ECG during pain: ST depression 10 % T-wave inversion 5 Stable angina is not a medical emergency as much as unstable angina as it can cause a series of heart attacks. Both these conditions have different causes. While stable angina occurs due to your heart's inability to manage the exhaustion of exercise, unstable angina occurs due to the presence of a blood clot in your artery

Approach to patients with chest pain: differential

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ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology / American. NSTEACS is non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome, and includes non-STEMI and unstable angina Unstable angina most commonly presents with chest pain and/or dyspnea, although atypical symptoms may be present. Initial risk stratification and management depends on the clinical features, ECG, and biomarkers (troponin). ECG typically shows ST segment depression and T-wave inversion, but may be normal Acute coronary syndrome is a term that encompasses both unstable angina and myocardial infarction. Pathogenesis: Fissuring of atheromatous plaque which is associated with thrombosis or vasospasm (supply led ischemia).In contrast stable angina is related to a fixed obstruction and usually precipitated by an increase in myocardial oxygen demand Angina pectoris is the medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease . It occurs when the heart muscle doesn't get as much blood as it needs. This usually happens because one or more of the heart's arteries is narrowed or blocked, also called ischemia. Angina usually causes uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing.

Unstable Angina PectorisWhat is the main cause of angina? | Sterling Heart Care